DIARY OF NEBU TATSUGURI, M.G.
Medical Officer, North Pacific, Defense Field
(NOTE: This diary was taken
from the body of its writer, a Japanese Medical
Officer, after he was killed in the battle of Attu,
Aleutian Island, May 29, 1943)
March 16, 1919 - Graduated from
Xerjie Middle School - Prefecture of Hira Shema.
Mar 1, 1923 - Graduated from
Frazier English Academy.
September 15, 1926 to May 11, 1932 -
Medical Dept, Pacific Union College, Agwin,
September 1933 to June 1937 -
College of Medical Evangelist.
September 8, 1938 - Received
California Medical License.
January 10, 1941 - Inducted into
1st Replacement, Imperial Guard Infantry.
January 13, 1941 - Joined 1st
Imperial Guard Infantry.
May 1, 1941 - Ordered as Officer
Candidate - Promoted to Pfc.
July 1, 1941 - Promoted to
July 20, 1941 - Ordered to
August 1, 1941 - Promoted to
September, 1941 - Entered Array
October 24, 1941 - Graduated.
October 30, 1941 - Promoted to
Sgt Major - Ordered as Probationary Officer.
Dec 1, 1941 - Became Acting
are captured enemy documents translated by the
office of G2, Massacre Valley, Attu Island, June 1,
1943. This is an extraction covering the battle
until the decease of the writer)
Northern 5216 Detachment
North Sea Defense Field Hospital, Attu.
Diary of Nebu Tatsuguri
May 12, 1943 Carrier-based plane
flew over - Fired at it. There is a low fog and the
summit is clear. Evacuated to the summit. Air raids
carried out frequently. Heard land noise - it is
Naval fire. Prepared battle equipment.
May 13, 1943 The U. S. forces
landed at Shiba Dai & Massacre Bay. The enemy
has advanced to the bottom of Misuna Yoma from Shiba
Dai. Have engaged them. On the other hand is
Massacre Bay, defended by only one platoon but on
the unexpected attack the AA gun (machine cannon)
was destroyed and we have withdrawn. At night we
captured 10 rifles. There is tremenduous mountain
gunfire. Approximately 15 patients came into the
field hospital, which is situated near the Area
May 14, 1943 Our two submarines
from Kiska assisting us have greatly damaged two
enemy ships. 1st Lt Suhuki died by shots from rifle.
Continuous flow of wounded into Field Hospital. In
the evening U. S. forces used gas, but no damage was
done on account of strong winds. Took refuge in the
trench in the daytime and took care of patients
during bombardment. Enemy strength must be a
division. Our desperate defense is holding well.
May 15, 1943 Continuous flow of
patients into the field hospital caused by the field
bombardment of enemy land and air forces, also
naval. The enemy has great numbers of Negros and
Indians. The Western defense has withdrawn to near
Shitagati Dai. In raid, I was ordered to the west
arm, but it was called off. I just laid down from
fatigue. In the barracks facial expressions of men
is tense (those back from West Army Defense) They
all went back to the firing line soon.
May 16, 1943 If Shitagati is
taken by the enemy the fate of East arm is decided.
So I burned documents and prepared to destroy
patients. At last moment, there is an order from
Headquarters of Sector Unit to proceed to Chichagof
Harbor by way of Uanose. At 0100 in the morning
patients from the Ind. Def. Inf. was lost so
accompanied the patients. There was an air raid on
so I took refuge in former Hospital Cave. The guns
of a Lockheed spit fire as it flew by the cave.
May l7, 1943 At night about
1800, under cover of darkness, I left the cave. The
stretcher went over muddy roads and steep hills of
no man's land. No matter how far we went, we did not
get over to the pass. Was rather irritated by the
fog and thoughts of getting lost. Sat down after
every 20 or 30 steps. Would sleep, dream, wake up
and go on. The same thing over and over. The patient
on the litter doesn't move. He is frostbitten. After
all this effort, met the section commander, Col.
Jamsaki. The Pass is a straight line without any
width and a steep line going down to Chichagof
Harbor. Sitting on the buttock and lifting the feet,
I like very smoothly and change direction with the
sword. Slid down in about 20 minutes. After that
arrived at Chichagof. The time expended was 9 hours
for this, without leaving any patients. Opened a new
field hospital. Walking is now difficult from left
knee rheumatism which occurred in the Pass. The
results of our Navy and Special Underwater Craft in
the vicinity of Chichagof Harbor since the 14th -
sunk 1 Battleship, 37 Destroyers and Transports of
air power troops and 60 other transports. The first
favorable report since the battle of Eastern Arm.
Reserves came back. Off shore at Shiba Dai 5
Destroyers are guarding one transport.
May 18, 1943 The Venegawa
Detachment abandoned East & West Arms and
withdrew to Uanose. About 60 wounded came into the
hospital. I had to take care of them myself all
through the night. Everybody made combat
preparations and waited. Had 2 grenades ready. Lt
Omura left for the front lines and Hokuken Vama said
farewell. At night a patient came who had engaged
friendly troops by mistake and had received a wound
on the wrist. The countersign is Ishikoke.
May 19, 1943 At night there is a
call from Sector Headquarters. In some spots off the
beach are some friendly flat type planes waiting.
Went into the village church. Felt like someone's
home. Some blankets were scattered around. Was told
to translate a field order presumed to be dropped by
an enemy Officer in Massacre Bay. Was ordered to
evacuate. Detail map sketch of Massacre and Holtz
Bays in possession of Camp. Robert Edward, Adj. of
Col. Smith. Got tired and went to sleep. Lt. Ujie
Salso in charge of translation.
May 20, 1943 The hard fighting
of our 303rd Battalion in Massacre Bay is fierce and
it is to our advantage. Have captured enemy weapons
and used it to fight. Enemy closing in under fog.
Five of our men and one Med. NCO died. The enemy gun
fire (Naval) near our hospital is fierce. Dropping
20 meters away (25 yards).
May 21, 1943 Was strafed when
amputating a patient's arm. It was the first time
since moving to Chichagof Harbor, that I went into
an air raid shelter. Enemy plane is a Martin.
Nervousness of our Commander is severe and he said
his last words to his officers and men. He will die
tomorrow. Gave all of his articles away. Hasty chap
this fellow. The officers on the front are doing a
fine job. Everyone who heard this became desperate
and things became disorderly.
May 22, 1943 Air raids began,
strafing killed one medical man. Medical man Rayki,
wounded in thigh (right) and fractured arm. During
the night mortar shell came awful close.
May 23, 1943 Seventeen friendly
medium bombers destroyed a cruiser offshore. By
Naval gunfire a hit was scored on pillar poles tents
for patients and the tent collapsed killing two
instantly. From 0200 to 1600 stayed in foxholes.
Days rations ... 1 go, 5 hakies (1.5) lbs. nothing
else. Officers and men alike are in _ost. Everybody
looked around for food and stole everything they
May 24, 1943 It sleeted and was
extremely cold. Stayed at Mesumi barracks alone. A
great amount of gunfire. Shells dropped by naval
gunfire. Rocks and mud flew all around. The roof
falls down. In a fox hole 5 yards away Hagaska,
medical man and by penetration of shell through
May 25, 1943 Naval gun firing,
aerial bombardment, trench warfare, the worst is yet
to come. The enemy positions are being concentrated.
Battalion Commander die at Umanose. They cannot
fully accommodate all the patients. It has been said
that at Massacre Bay, the road to Sector Unit
Headquarters has been isolated.
May 26, 1943 By Naval fire it
felt like Misumi blew up everything, shook up,
tremendously, consciousness becomes vague. One tent
burned from a hit __ incendiary bomb. Strafing
planes hit the next room. Two hits from a 50 cal.
machine gun, one stopped in the ceiling the other
penetrated my room, looks an awful mess, from rocks
and pebbles, that came from the roof. Nirose, 1st Lt
Medical Corps, is wounded . . . there is a ceremony
of granting the Imperial Edict. The last line of
Umanose was broken through. No hope for
reinforcements . . . Will die for Imperial Edict.
May 27, 1943 Diarrhea continues,
pain is severe, took everything, pills, morphine,
opium and all, then slept well. Strafing by planes.
Roof broke through. There is less than 1000 left
when there were 2000 troops here, wounded or from
coast Defense Unit field hospital, field Post
Office. The rest are on the firing line.
May 28, 1943 The remaining
ration is for 2 days. Our artillery has been
completely wiped out. There is sound of trench
mortars, also AA guns. The company on the bottom of
ATTU Fugi has been completely annihilated, except
for one or two. 303rd Battalion has been defeated.
Veneg Awa is still holding the Umanose. Continuous
cases of suicide. Half of Sector Headquarters has
been blown away. Heard they gave 400 shots of
morphine to kill wounded. Ate half-dried thistle.
This first I have eaten something fresh in months,
it is a delicacy. Order from the Sector Unit
Commander to move hospital to the island, but it is
May 29, 1943 Today at 2000 we
assembled at Headquarters. The field hospital took
part too. The last assault is to be carried out. All
patients were made to commit suicide... Only thirty
three of living and I am to die: I have no regrets.
Bonzai to the Emperor. I am grateful that I have
kept the peace in my soul, which Ekkist bestowed
upon me. At 1800 took care of all the patients with
grenade . . . Goodbye Tocke my beloved wife, who
loved me till the last . . . Until we meet again,
grant you God speed. Mistake, who just became 4
years old will grow unhindered, I feel sorry for
you, Takiko, born February this year and gone
without seeing your father, Well goodbye, Mattue,
brother Hokkey Sukechan, Masachm, Mitichan, goodbye.
The number is this last attack is little over 1000.
Will try to take enemy artillery positions. It seems
the enemy will probably make an all out attack
(NOTE: Some did
not use gas, but did use smoke shells for screening
troop movements. None of our ships were damaged or
attacked. The seventeen planes were intercepted and
six were shot down.)
provided by Ardon Smith
Published by HLS on the Williwaw Website, 14 March
The translation of
this captured enemy diary likely
originated from Headquarters Landing Force Officer
of Asst. Chief of Staff, G-2 Massacre Valley: Attu Island.
June 1, 1943
The Diary of a Japanese Soldier (Part 1):
The Diary of a Japanese Soldier (Part 2):
diary of an unknown Japanese N.C.O.
1st Class Private Tsukiji's captured diary
14 February 2014 10:50